newton@indiaholidayscollection.com + 91 9810068824
Facts About India
About India

Area: 3,287,263 sq km (1,269,219 sq miles).

Population: 1.2 billion (2014).

Population density: 376.1 per sq km.

Capital: New Delhi.

Government: Federal republic.

Head of state: President Pranab Mukherjee since 2012.

Head of government: Prime Minister Narendra Modi since 2014.

Electricity: 220 volts AC, 50Hz. Plugs have either two or three round pins.

The sub-continental home to approximately 1.2 billion people, India is a place that defies easy descriptions. Geographically, the country is home to everything from deserts and majestic mountain ranges to jungles, forests, and tropical, palm-fringed coastline, while in between, you'll find languages, cuisine, customs, and clothing as diverse as the topography. With all the choices India offers to travelers, it's easy to see why travel to India holds such an appeal for visitors. Our India travel guide will give you all the information you'll need.

Geography

India shares borders to the northwest with Pakistan, to the north with China, Nepal and Bhutan, and to the east with Bangladesh and Myanmar. To the west lies the Arabian Sea, to the east the Bay of Bengal and to the south the Indian Ocean. The Andaman and Nicobar Islands are Indian territory but lie off the coast of Thailand in the Bay of Bengal. Sri Lanka lies off the southeast coast, and the Maldives off the southwest coast.

The far northeastern states and territories are all but separated from the rest of India by Bangladesh as it extends northwards from the Bay of Bengal towards Bhutan. India is separated from the rest of Asia by mountain ranges, forest, and desert -the Himalayan mountain range in the north, the Thar Desert in the west and the Chin Hills and Patkai ranges in the east. The Indus River runs through the northern disputed territory of Jammu & Kashmir. The most sacred of rivers, the Ganges, is in the east.

Things Not to Miss in India

Plan multiple visits to India if you want to take in the full range of cultural and historical sights the country has to offer. Some of the most popular India travel activities include:

  • A visit to the stunning Taj Mahal, preferably at sunrise or sunset
  • Learning about - and sampling - the cuisine, which varies from region to region
  • Enjoying the spas, cuisine and lush landscape of Kserala

When to Go to India

When planning a visit to India, note that the monsoon season typically runs from June to November, depending on the region. The best time to visit India is from November until April, before the heat sets in. If you're visiting India during the summer or monsoon seasons, the far north, the "hill station" vacation towns, or the coast offer the most relief from the heat.

Fairs and Festivals of India

India - an alluring land of colorful diversity and grandeur shines with countless fairs and festivals that reflect the vivid culture and unique cultural traditions of this charismatic country. A tour to India cannot be termed complete without immersing yourself in its colorful fairs and festivals that showcase the beauty of its traditional arts and crafts. Packed with endless joy and excitement, the festivals are a time to rejoice, celebrate life and cherish the memorable experience.

Major Indian Fairs and Festivals :-
Holi Diwali Dussehra
Kullu Dussehra Mysore Dussehra Navratri
Baisakhi Eid Mahamastikabhishek
Guru Purnima Chhath Ganesh Chaturthi
Hemis Festival Jaisalmer Desert Festival Krishna Janmashtami
Kumbh Mela Onam Pongal
Puri Rath Yatra Pushkar Fair Raksha Bandhan
Regional Festival    
Currency information:

Rupee (INR; symbol Rs) = 100 paise. Notes are in denominations of Rs1,000, 500, 100, 50, 20 and 10. Coins are in denominations of Rs5, 2 and 1, and 50, 25, 20, 10 and 5 paise.

Indian Culture


Religion: About 80% Hindu, 13% Muslim, with Sikh, Christian, Jain, Parsi and Buddhist minorities.

Social conventions: The traditional Hindu greeting is to fold the hands, tilt the head forward and say namaste. Indian women generally prefer not to shake hands. All visitors are asked to remove footwear when entering places of religious worship. Most Indians also remove their footwear when entering their homes; visitors should follow suit. Many Hindus are vegetarian and many, especially women, do not drink alcohol. Most Sikhs and Parsis do not smoke. Women are expected to dress modestly and men should also dress respectfully. Women should not wear short skirts and tight or revealing clothing, although there is a more casual approach to clothing in Goa.

Language in India Hindi is the official language of India and, used by about 40% of the population, India's most widely spoken. English is also enshrined in the constitution for a wide range of official purposes. In addition, 18 regional languages are recognised by the constitution. These include Bengali, Gujarati, Oriya and Punjabi, which are used in respective regions, and Tamil and Telugu, which are common in the south. Other regional languages include Kannada, Malayalam and Marathi. The Muslim population largely speaks Urdu.

Call now×
×